Energy, Real Estate, and Financials Headed Stock Market Gains in 2021
North America’s four major stock market indices experienced another year of outstanding success in 2021. Never mind the pandemic or the fact rampant inflation is causing central banks to consider bringing forward interest rate hikes, the Dow Jones Industrial Average index and the S&P 500 both established new record highs in December. NASDAQ and the Toronto Stock Exchange ended the year down only a little from the all-time peaks they set a month earlier in November.
One difference from 2020 was that in 2021, it wasn’t NASDAQ that was the trendsetter. Instead, the S&P 500 achieved the largest annual gain, +26.9%. Nor was NASDAQ even in second place. That honor went to the TSX, +21.7%, although only by the slimmest of margins since NASDAQ in the third spot was +21.4% year over year. The DJI, despite managing a solid gain of +18.7%, was relegated to the fourth position. (The Russell 2000 index, with a y/y increase of +13.7%, would have placed fifth, or last if it had been included in Table 1.)
S&P Dow Jones Indices, a division of S&P Global, calculates subindices based on sectors for both the S&P 500 and the S&P/TSX; in other words for the United States and Canada stock markets.
In both nations, the three leading sectors for corporate equity appreciations throughout full year 2021 were:
• ‘energy’ (+54.6% in theUnited States and +48.9% in Canada);
• ‘real estate’ (+46.2% in the United States and +37.4% in Canada);
• and ‘financials’ (+35.0% in the United States and +36.5% in Canada).
Some other sectors with their related corporate share gains were as follows:
• ‘information technology’, +34.5% in theUnited States and +18.5% in Canada;
• ‘consumer discretionary’, +24.4% in theUnited States and +18.5% in Canada;
• ‘materials’, +27.3% in theUnited States and +4.0% in Canada;
• ‘communication services’, +21.6% in theUnited States and +24.7% in Canada;
• ‘industrials’, +21.1% in theUnited States and +16.5% in Canada;
• ‘consumer staples’, +18.6% in theUnited States and +22.4% in Canada; and
• ‘utilities’, +17.7% in theUnited States and +11.7% in Canada
The above sectoral categorizations are from the Global Industry Classification Standard set up for the financial community.
Under the GICS, the ‘materials’ sectoral index includes major publicly-listed firms primarily engaged in supplying construction materials.
The ‘industrials’ sectoral index includes major publicly-listed companies engaged in providing building products, engineering services, and construction (GC and specialty trade) work.